ASUO mimics the state and national government structure in that it has three branches: the executive, the legislative, and the judicial, and it is governed by written policy and judicial rule.
The ASUO executive branch consists of the student body president, the vice-president, and an executive cabinet comprised of up to 24 appointed student leaders. The executive initiates campaigns to impact the UO student experience; collaborates with faculty, staff, and other key decision-makers; and coordinates the student appointment process for committees which impact the entire student body. Internally, the executive branch approves, oversees, and works alongside the 200+ student organizations recognized by ASUO.
The legislative branch consists of a 24-member Student Senate and four finance committees comprised of 7-12 student members each. Broadly, the legislative branch is responsible for initiating Incidental Fund decisions and allocations, writing resolutions, and confirming or denying presidential appointees.
Student Senate debates policy and financial decisions weekly, on Wednesdays at 7:00pm in the Dusty Miller Room, EMU 107. All students, faculty, and staff are welcome to attend senate hearings, and time is set aside at each meeting for individuals from these constituencies to address the senate.
Student Senate has four sub-committees: the Athletics and Contracts Finance Committee, the Departments Finance Committee, the EMU Board, and the Programs Finance Committee. These committees are most active during ASUO’s annual budgeting process, which typically begins in October and wraps up in January (for the following fiscal year).
The Athletics and Contracts Finance Committee (ACFC) recommends the appropriation of Incidental Fees for contracted service providers. Eight services are included in ACFC’s portfolio, including LTD Transit Passes for Students, Student Legal Services, Athletic Tickets for Students, and Child Care Services at Spencer View Housing.
The Departments Finance Committee (DFC) recommends the appropriation of Incidental Fees for department-based programs of the university. Currently, 17 department-based programs are funded by DFC, such as Mills International Center, Duck Rides, Student Government Engagement and Success, Student Conflict Resolution Services, the UO Zero Waste Program, and the Women’s Center.
The Erb Memorial Union Board (EMUB) is a Senate sub-committee for budget matters, but has its roots as a policy and long-range planning board for the EMU. Today, the EMUB serves both purposes, making decisions around budget, policy, and long-range planning, and providing guidance to EMU Staff on day-to-day operations. The EMUB has two standing committees; the Finance Committee and the House Committee. The Finance Committee is responsible for recommending the allocation and appropriation of Incidental Funds for the EMU and for all EMU-Based Programs, such as the Craft Center, Club Sports, the Center for Student Involvement, Moss Street Children’s Center, KWVA, the Sustainability Coalition, and several administrative units. The House Committee is responsible for allocation of student office space, managing relationships with student programs housed in the EMU, and policy review.
The Programs Finance Committee (PFC) recommends the appropriation of Incidental Funds for ASUO-Recognized Student Organizations. Any ASUO-Recognized Student Organization is eligible to request an annual budget, and PFC meets with each organization annually to discuss their requests and examine their financial performance.
The Constitutional Court
Constitution Court consists of five members appointed and confirmed to serve “lifetime” terms for the duration of their time as UO students. The court has the authority to rule on any rule promulgated under it. This review power covers almost any action by ASUO government bodies, programs, and in special cases such as elections, actions by individual students within Student Organizations. The Court has broad powers to impose sanctions in order to compel compliance with its rulings